Hammer Toe

A hammer toe is a toe that is deformed, with the end of the toe bending downwards. It usually affects the second, third or fourth toe, and appears to look like a claw. A corn may form on the top of the toe, and a callus may form underneath it. It may be caused by a muscle imbalance or by poorly fitting shoes, when toes are unable to be fully extended. A flexible hammer toe can be manually straightened out while a rigid hammer toe cannot be pulled straight.

An example of feet with a hammer toe

Diagnosis

A physical exam will confirm the presence of a hammer toe. An X-ray can show more about the patient’s specific condition.

A 3D digital model of a foot with a hammer toe

Treatment

Treating a hammer toe before it becomes “fixed” in position is essential. Orthotics, splints, or wearing shoes with roomy toe-boxes may help non-severe cases of hammer toe. In severe cases, surgery may be performed.

Without Treatment

Pain and walking difficulty may increase, and a permanent deformity may occur. Repeated friction to the tip or the top of the toe can lead to wounds and infection.

For more information about Hammer Toe or to schedule your consultation with Dr. Shikoff, call our office in Bensalem, PA at Bensalem Office Phone Number 215-638-4446, or use our Online Contact Form.